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Enable port forwarding in the application by entering the Advanced area, enabling port forwarding and selecting one of the following gateways: For an unknown amount of time, the Chrome browser has contained a vulnerability which allows malicious websites to hijack the back button. Subscribe to our content! If you change your DNS servers manually or if for some other reason they are changed this does not necessarily mean your DNS is leaking. Sure would be nice though if we in the countryside were treated the same as those in cities. It has the ability to store cookies in over ten types of storage mechanisms so that once they are on one's computer they will never be gone. In thisscenario, taking notes about the food, ambiance, and service may befine, whereas approaching other diners for interviews or forphotographs likely oversteps the scope of the restaurant's consent, andyou could be liable for trespass.

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Facial Recognition and Privacy Law", much of it explaining how "privacy law, in its current form, is of no help to those unwillingly tagged. Furthermore, traditional tort law does not protect people who are captured by a photograph in public because this is not counted as an invasion of privacy.

The extensive Facebook privacy policy covers these concerns and much more. For example, the policy states that they reserve the right to disclose member information or share photos with companies, lawyers, courts, government entities, etc. The policy also informs users that profile pictures are mainly to help friends connect to each other.

In an article featured in ABC News, it was stated that two teams of scientists found out that Hollywood stars could be giving up information about their private whereabouts very easily through pictures uploaded to the Internet. Moreover, it was found that pictures taken by some phones and tablets including iPhones automatically attach the latitude and longitude of the picture taken through metadata unless this function is manually disabled.

Face recognition technology can be used to gain access to a person's private data, according to a new study. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University combined image scanning, cloud computing and public profiles from social network sites to identify individuals in the offline world. Data captured even included a user's social security number. The researchers have also developed an 'augmented reality' mobile app that can display personal data over a person's image captured on a smartphone screen.

Researchers believe this could force us to reconsider our future attitudes to privacy. Google Street View , released in the U. This example further suggests that Google Street View may provide opportunities for privacy infringement and harassment through public dissemination of the photographs.

Personal information can be revealed through searches by the user's computer, account, or IP address being linked to the search terms used. Search engines have claimed a necessity to retain such information in order to provide better services, protect against security pressure, and protect against fraud.

Those in control of the database often keep records of where on the Internet each member has traveled to. AOL has a database 21 million members deep, each with their own specific ID number.

By keeping records of what people query through AOLSearch, the company is able to learn a great deal about them without knowing their names. Search engines also are able to retain user information, such as location and time spent using the search engine, for up to ninety days. Most search engine operators use the data to get a sense of which needs must be met in certain areas of their field. People working in the legal field are also allowed to use information collected from these search engine websites.

The Google search engine is given as an example of a search engine that retains the information entered for a period of three-fourths of a year before it becomes obsolete for public usage. Other search engines such as Ask! Beginning in , Google began to run a new system where the Google search became personalized. The item that is searched and the results that are shown remembers previous information that pertains to the individual.

Google search engine not only seeks what is searched, but also strives to allow the user to feel like the search engine recognizes their interests. This is achieved by using online advertising. Another function of search engines is the predictability of location. Search engines are able to predict where one's location is currently by locating IP Addresses and geographical locations.

Google had publicly stated on January 24, , that its privacy policy will once again be altered. This new policy will change the following for its users: This new privacy policy is planned to come into effect on March 1, Google will collect information to better service its users such as their language, which ads they find useful or people that are important to them online.

Google announces they will use this information to provide, maintain, protect Google and its users. The information Google uses will give users more relevant search results and advertisements. The new privacy policy explains that Google can use shared information on one service in other Google services from people who have a Google account and are logged in.

Google will treat a user as a single user across all of their products. Google claims the new privacy policy will benefit its users by being simpler.

Even though Google is updating their privacy policy, its core privacy guidelines will not change. For example, Google does not sell personal information or share it externally. Because this policy gathers all information and data searched from multiple engines when logged into Google, and uses it to help assist users, privacy becomes an important element.

Public officials and Google account users are worried about online safety because of all this information being gathered from multiple sources. Some users do not like the overlapping privacy policy, wishing to keep the service of Google separate.

The European Union has asked Google to delay the onset of the new privacy policy in order to ensure that it does not violate E. This move is in accordance with objections to decreasing online privacy raised in other foreign nations where surveillance is more heavily scrutinized. The new privacy policy only heightens unresolved concerns regarding user privacy.

An additional feature of concern to the new Google privacy policy is the nature of the policy. One must accept all features or delete existing Google accounts. Customizing the privacy settings of a social network is a key tactic that many feel is necessary for social networking sites. Many using pseudonyms are concerned about this possibility, and defend the role of pseudonyms in literature and history. Some solutions to being able to protect user privacy on the Internet can include programs such as "Rapleaf" which is a website that has a search engine that allows users to make all of one's search information and personal information private.

Other websites that also give this option to their users are Facebook and Amazon. Search engines such as Startpage. Some of the most notable Privacy-focused search-engines are:.

The advent of the Web 2. These social networking sites have seen a boom in their popularity starting from the late s. Through these websites many people are giving their personal information out on the internet. It has been a topic of discussion of who is held accountable for the collection and distribution of personal information. Some will say that it is the fault of the social networks because they are the ones who are storing the vast amounts of information and data, but others claim that it is the users who are responsible for the issue because it is the users themselves that provide the information in the first place.

This relates to the ever-present issue of how society regards social media sites. There is a growing number of people that are discovering the risks of putting their personal information online and trusting a website to keep it private. Yet in a recent study, researchers found that young people are taking measures to keep their posted information on Facebook private to some degree. Examples of such actions include managing their privacy settings so that certain content can be visible to "Only Friends" and ignoring Facebook friend requests from strangers.

Data lifted from the private messages was then used for targeted advertising, the plaintiffs claimed. It is an increasing risk because younger people are having easier internet access than ever before, therefore they put themselves in a position where it is all too easy for them to upload information, but they may not have the caution to consider how difficult it can be to take that information down once it is out in the open.

This is becoming a bigger issue now that so much of society interacts online which was not the case fifteen years ago. In addition, because of the quickly evolving digital media arena, people's interpretation of privacy is evolving as well, and it is important to consider that when interacting online. New forms of social networking and digital media such as Instagram and Snapchat may call for new guidelines regarding privacy.

What makes this difficult is the wide range of opinions surrounding the topic, so it is left mainly up to our judgement to respect other people's online privacy in some circumstances. Sometimes it may be necessary to take extra precautions in situations where somebody else may have a tighter view on privacy ethics.

No matter the situation it is beneficial to know about the potential consequences and issues that can come from careless activity on social networks. All data transmitted to and from users must pass through the ISP. Thus, an ISP has the potential to observe users' activities on the Internet. However, ISPs are usually prohibited from participating in such activities due to legal, ethical, business, or technical reasons.

Normally ISPs do collect at least some information about the consumers using their services. From a privacy standpoint, ISPs would ideally collect only as much information as they require in order to provide Internet connectivity IP address, billing information if applicable, etc.

Which information an ISP collects, what it does with that information, and whether it informs its consumers, pose significant privacy issues. Beyond the usage of collected information typical of third parties, ISPs sometimes state that they will make their information available to government authorities upon request. In the US and other countries, such a request does not necessarily require a warrant. An ISP cannot know the contents of properly-encrypted data passing between its consumers and the Internet.

For encrypting web traffic, https has become the most popular and best-supported standard. Even if users encrypt the data, the ISP still knows the IP addresses of the sender and of the recipient. However, see the IP addresses section for workarounds. Additional software has been developed that may provide more secure and anonymous alternatives to other applications. For example, Bitmessage can be used as an alternative for email and Cryptocat as an alternative for online chat.

On the other hand, in addition to End-to-End encryption software, there are web services such as Qlink [68] which provide privacy through a novel security protocol which does not require installing any software. While signing up for internet services, each computer contains a unique IP, Internet Protocol address.

This particular address will not give away private or personal information, however, a weak link could potentially reveal information from one's ISP. General concerns regarding Internet user privacy have become enough of a concern for a UN agency to issue a report on the dangers of identity fraud. T-Mobile USA doesn't store any information on web browsing. Verizon Wireless keeps a record of the websites a subscriber visits for up to a year.

Virgin Mobile keeps text messages for three months. Verizon keeps text messages for three to five days. None of the other carriers keep texts of messages at all, but they keep a record of who texted who for over a year. Virgin Mobile keeps that data for two to three months. HTML defines how user agents, such as web browsers, are to present websites based upon their underlying code.

This new web standard changes the way that users are affected by the internet and their privacy on the internet. HTML5 expands the number of methods given to a website to store information locally on a client as well as the amount of data that can be stored. As such, privacy risks are increased. For instance, merely erasing cookies may not be enough to remove potential tracking methods since data could be mirrored in web storage , another means of keeping information in a user's web browser.

As the power of web standards increases, so do potential misuses. HTML5 also expands access to user media, potentially granting access to a computer's microphone or webcam, a capability previously only possible through the use of plug-ins like Flash.

With this expanded access comes increased potential for abuse as well as more vectors for attackers. However, the World Wide Web Consortium , responsible for many web standards, feels that the increased capabilities of the web platform outweigh potential privacy concerns. Besides elevating privacy concerns, HTML5 also adds a few tools to enhance user privacy. A mechanism is defined whereby user agents can share blacklists of domains that should not be allowed to access web storage.

These new features formalize previously inconsistent implementations, reducing the number of vulnerabilities though not eliminating them entirely. Big Data is generally defined as the rapid accumulation and compiling of massive amounts of information that is being exchanged over digital communication systems. The data is large often exceeding exabytes and cannot be handled by conventional computer processors, and are instead stored on large server-system databases.

This information is assessed by analytic scientists using software programs; which paraphrase this information into multi-layered user trends and demographics.

Big Data provides companies with the ability to:. According to Nicklas Lundblad , another perspective on privacy protection is the assumption that the quickly growing amount of information produced will be beneficial. The reasons for this are that the costs for the surveillance will raise and that there is more noise, noise being understood as anything that interferes the process of a receiver trying to extract private data from a sender. In this noise society, the collective expectation of privacy will increase, but the individual expectation of privacy will decrease.

In other words, not everyone can be analyzed in detail, but one individual can be. Also, in order to stay unobserved, it can hence be better to blend in with the others than trying to use for example encryption technologies and similar methods. Technologies for this can be called Jante-technologies after the Law of Jante, which states that you are nobody special.

This view offers new challenges and perspectives for the privacy discussion. Furthermore, if the user has already done business with a company, or is previously familiar with a product, they have a tendency to not read the privacy policies that the company has posted. Finally, consumers have been found to avoid reading the privacy policies if the policies are not in a simple format, and even perceive these policies to be irrelevant.

While dealing with the issue of internet privacy, one must first be concerned with not only the technological implications such as damaged property, corrupted files, and the like, but also with the potential for implications on their real lives.

One such implication, which is rather commonly viewed as being one of the most daunting fears risks of the Internet, is the potential for identity theft. Although it is a typical belief that larger companies and enterprises are the usual focus of identity thefts, rather than individuals, recent reports seem to show a trend opposing this belief.

But how, one might ask, is this still thriving given the increasing emphasis on internet security? These pieces of information can range from generic things such as a user account or email to something as personal as a bank account number and PIN.

While the processes these internet thieves use are abundant and unique, one popular trap unsuspecting people fall into is that of online purchasing.

This is not to allude to the idea that every purchase one makes online will leave them susceptible to identity theft, but rather that it increases the chances. This is assumed to be a result of the larger consumer population and purchases, which allow for more potential leeway with information.

As one of the largest growing concerns American adults have of current Internet privacy policies, identity and credit theft remain a constant figure in the debate surrounding privacy online. A study by the Boston Consulting Group showed that participants of the study were most concerned about their privacy on the Internet compared to any other media.

Though some may call it a modern-day version of McCarthyism, another prevalent issue also remains members of our own society sending disconcerting emails to one another. It is for this reason in that for one of the first times ever the public demonstrated an approval of government intervention in their private lives.

With the overall public anxiety regarding the constantly expanding trend of online crimes, in roughly fifty-four percent of Americans polled showed a general approval for the FBI monitoring those emails deemed suspicious. Thus, it was born the idea for the FBI program: Online users must seek to protect the information they share with online websites, specifically social media.

In today's Web 2. A recent paper from the Rand Corporation claims "privacy is not the opposite of sharing — rather, it is control over sharing. Protections against invasions of online privacy will require individuals to make an effort informing and protecting themselves via existing software solutions, to pay premiums for such protections or require individuals to place greater pressure on governing institutions to enforce privacy laws and regulations regarding consumer and personal information.

Google has long been attacked for their lack of privacy in the U. In , however, the tables began to turn. Peter Fleischer, a Google representative, addressed the U.

Instead of continuing to enforce broken and ineffective Internet privacy laws, the Google representative proposed that the United Nations establish a global privacy policy that would efficiently protect consumers privacy while causing the least possible amount of negative impact on web browsers such as Google.

At that time, Google was under investigation by the European Union for violating the global privacy policies that were already in place. The greatest issue related to Internet privacy internationally is that of data collection. At this point in time, the U. Google is just one example of a large company whose primary goal is to make money by serving their product, web browsing, to consumers. Consumers, however, are concerned with the quality of that product and their privacy.

This poses problems globally to those who are web users around the world, especially in a world where there is no overarching privacy policy. Currently, as of March , the need for a set of unified privacy policies has been met by the European Union with proposed legislation.

The General Data Protection Regulation is a proposed set of consistent regulations across the European Union that will protect Internet users from clandestine tracking and unauthorized personal data usage. This regulation will further protect users' privacy rights in two key ways: In Article 4 2 of the proposed legislation, the definition of personal data is expanded significantly to include any information online that could be traced to an individual.

In Articles 77 and 79 of the proposed legislation, appropriate punishments are outlined for many possible violations of users' privacy rights by controllers and effective enforcement of data protection is guaranteed. The Data Protection Regulation will also hold companies accountable for violations of the regulation by implementing a unified legislation outlining specific repercussions for various types of violations based on severity.

Analyses such as this interpret the governmental propositions for Internet users and promote democracy by allowing all the opportunity to agree or disagree with the proposition prior to its ruling. This analysis is posted publicly on the Internet, in compliance with the mission of CDT, and addresses each section of the Data Protection Regulation and the potential pitfalls of each article.

The two major issues the CDT addresses in this analysis of the Data Protection Regulation are the inflexible rules against profiling users based on their Internet usage and the parental consent policy in regards to controlling the online information of children.

One of the most popular topics of discussion in regards to Internet privacy is China. Although China is known for its remarkable reputation on maintaining Internet privacy among many online users, it could potentially be a major jeopardy to the lives of many online users who have their information exchanged on the web on a regular basis. For instance, in China, there is a new software that will enable the concept of surveillance among the majority of online users and present a risk to their privacy.

China has a well known policy of censorship when it comes to the spread of information through public media channels. Censorship has been prominent in Mainland China since the communist party gained power in China over 60 years ago. With the development of the Internet, however, privacy became more of a problem for the government. The Chinese Government has been accused of actively limiting and editing the information that flows into the country via various media.

The Internet poses a particular set of issues for this type of censorship, especially when search engines are involved. A Chinese journalist, who was also a Yahoo!

The Chinese staff of Yahoo! User privacy in China is not as cut-and-dry as it is in other parts of the world. For this reason, search engines are under constant pressure to conform to Chinese rules and regulations on censorship while still attempting to keep their integrity. Therefore, most search engines operate differently in China than in the other countries, such as the US or Britain, if they operate in China at all.

There are two types of intrusions that occur in China regarding the internet: Additionally, there have been reports that personal information has been sold. For example, students preparing for exams would receive calls from unknown numbers selling school supplies. Both alleged intrusions are relatively harsh and possibly force foreign Internet service providers to decide if they value the Chinese market over internet privacy.

Also, many websites are blocked in China such as Facebook and Twitter. However many Chinese internet users use special methods like a VPN to unblock websites that are blocked. Sweden is often considered to be at the forefront of Internet use and Internet regulations.

In , Sweden received a Web Index Score of , a score that measures how the Internet significantly influences political, social, and economic impact, placing them first among 61 other nations. Sweden received this score while in the process of exceeding new mandatory implementations from the European Union. Sweden placed more restrictive guidelines on the directive on intellectual property rights enforcement IPRED and passed the FRA-law in that allowed for the legal sanctioning of surveillance of internet traffic by state authorities.

The FRA has a history of intercepting radio signals and has stood as the main intelligence agency in Sweden since Sweden is an interesting topic when discussing Laws and Regulations of Internet Privacy because of mixture of their government's strong push towards implementing policy and their citizens continued perception of a free and neutral Internet.

Both of the previously mentioned additions created controversy by critics but they did not change the public perception even though the new FRA-law was brought in front of the European Court of Human Rights for human rights violations.

However, the law also allowed for authorities to monitor all cross-border communication without a warrant. Sweden's recent emergence into Internet dominance may be explained by their recent climb in users.

This was due in large part once again to the active Swedish government introducing regulatory provisions to promote competition among Internet Service Providers. These regulations helped grow web-infrastructure and forced prices below the European average. To add to the intrigue around Sweden's laws and regulations, one must also mention how copyright laws evolved in Sweden.

Sweden was the birthplace of the Pirate Bay, an infamous file-sharing website. File sharing has been illegal in Sweden since it was developed, however, there was never any real fear of being persecuted for the crime until when the Swedish Parliament was the first in the European Union to pass the intellectual property rights directive.

This directive persuaded internet service providers to announce the identity of suspected violators. A final piece of legislation worth mentioning when discussing Sweden's regulations is the infamous centralized block list.

The list is generated by authorities and was originally crafted to eliminate sites hosting child pornography. However, there is no legal way to appeal a site that ends up on the list and as a result, many non-child pornography sites have been blacklisted. It is important to consider that Sweden's government enjoys a high level of trust from their citizens.

Without this trust, many of these regulations would not be possible and thus many of these regulations may only be feasible in the Swedish context. With the Republicans in control of all three branches of the U.

These FCC rules had required ISPs to get "explicit consent" before gathering and selling their private Internet information, such as the consumers' browsing histories, locations of businesses visited and applications used. Also, users would be informed to whom the data is being sold and why. On refusal to sell the data, companies are allowed to charge a little higher to these consumers. Used by government agencies are array of technologies designed to track and gather Internet users' information are the topic of much debate between privacy advocates, civil liberties advocates and those who believe such measures are necessary for law enforcement to keep pace with rapidly changing communications technology.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An Opte Project visualization of routing paths through a portion of the Internet. Zombie cookie and Evercookie. This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.

The specific problem is: Some contents are outdated and details would be better suited for the main page about this topic Please help improve this section if you can. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Privacy issues of social networking sites. Privacy law and Information privacy law. This section needs additional citations for verification. Even if you connect with a password, everyone on the network has the potential to see and collect your data.

Less Hide my IP address and location. An IP address is a unique identifier assigned to your internet connection by your internet provider. Your ISP, every website you visit, search engines, and many others, can all see it.

All your online activity and location is tracked and cataloged via this IP address. Nobody, not even your iSP, will be able to see your real IP address or location any longer. You can rest assured that when the VPN service is active, your online privacy is protected, your location is cloaked, and you can surf the web in complete anonymity.

Less Protect myself online from aggressive advertisers, scammers, and others with nefarious intentions. Your IP address, location, and other data is exposed and easily captured as you surf the internet unprotected. This information is traded with many third parties without your permission.

Anyone using your internet connection is having information compiled on them. Stop you and your family from being a product to be sold…or worse.

Help prevent identity theft. Many identity thieves steal your personal data as it is transmitted online, over unsecured WiFi, or even shared wired networks. This prevents anyone from seeing or capturing your personal data in transit.

Bypass geographical restrictions and access content and media as a local all over the world. The internet content and media you have access to varies by your location. With personalVPN, you can experience the internet, and have access to content and media, based upon whichever of our global VPN gateways you are connected to at the time, not your actual location.

Shop safely online and make sure you get the best deal. Online shopping is the way to go nowadays, but it can be risky too. Fraudulent websites and links abound just waiting to capture your IP address and personal information. Legitimate online retailers can also engage in some shady tactics. Trouble is, they may not be the best deal. People from every country on Earth guarantee their internet privacy, security, and freedom through the WiTopia VPN network. Try it Now Risk-Free for 30 Days 30 day unconditional money back guarantee.

The Fastest VPN service. What is a personal VPN? How does the personal VPN service work? An encrypted tunnel between your device and our VPN server is instantly established. All your internet data will now flow through this tunnel, encrypted and secure, and cannot be viewed by anyone. All anyone ISPs, websites, search engines, etc.

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